Oklahoma Juvenile Laws

On Monday, the Oklahoma Policy Institute released a detailed report detailing racial differences in youth referrals and the burden of family costs of the juvenile justice system. The differences between the cases of minors and adults become apparent shortly after arrest. While adults usually have the option of paying bail and leaving prison pending trial, there is no seizure system for minors. In most cases, a juvenile offender is released pending trial before a parent or guardian. In more serious cases, the juvenile is detained in a juvenile institution until the end of the trial. Juvenile offenders are divided into three different categories, and the differences between the three are great. The three different categories of juvenile offenders are juvenile delinquents, juvenile delinquents and juveniles charged as adults. It`s rare, but it happens. Juveniles are usually held in juvenile detention centres before their trial, and those convicted are often held in juvenile detention centres until they reach the age of 18. For juvenile offenders, the age of 18 entails the release of a juvenile from prison. But in more serious cases, a juvenile offender who has not yet served his full sentence may be transferred to an adult prison at the age of 18. In Oklahoma, when a juvenile is charged with a felony, the charges are usually heard in juvenile court rather than a regular criminal court.

These cases, called “offender cases,” include a variety of criminal charges, including: My work at Oklahoma Watch has primarily focused on Oklahoma`s prisons and adult courts, but I am interested in exploring problems and possible solutions in our juvenile justice system. What problems do I need to be aware of? Did any section of the Oklahoma Policy Institute report catch your attention? DM m`Kross@oklahomawatch.org on Twitter or email. In some cases, juvenile offenders are allowed to remain in a juvenile institution until the age of 20. However, if a juvenile offender does not comply with rehabilitation, he or she may be transferred to an adult prison before his or her 18th birthday. Juveniles convicted of a crime as adults may also be immediately transferred to an adult prison. Juvenile offenders are the lowest classification level for a juvenile offender. Technically, juvenile delinquency is not even a criminal charge and does not result in a conviction based on a minor`s permanent criminal record. Juvenile delinquency is generally reserved for accused persons under the age of 15, but older minors may also be considered offenders for very minor offences. When a juvenile offender reaches the age of 18, the state will seal his or her record, allowing him or her to make a fresh start as an adult.

However, a case of juvenile delinquency remains serious because it can lead to the imprisonment of a minor until his 18th birthday. The initial admission and diversion decision are left to the discretion of the prosecutor or the commissioner of the juvenile court, divided into periods of criminal offence and post-application diversion. However, in Oklahoma, a juvenile who commits a crime can be charged in three ways: as a minor, as a juvenile delinquent, or as an adult. When the case is referred to a juvenile court for assessment, the admissions officer or prosecutor decides whether the case will be: Each state has a set of laws that establish a system of juvenile courts and a corresponding intervention system, commonly referred to as juvenile court services. The different framework conditions effectively create 51 separate juvenile justice systems. Of course, not all juvenile crimes are created equal: shoplifting a pair of jeans does not carry the same weight as violent rape. Yet many people would agree that a teenager accused of a crime usually lacks the cognitive function and impulse control that they will develop as adults. The motives for juvenile delinquency are generally very different from those for adult delinquency.

There are many misconceptions about how minors under the age of 18 are charged when they commit crimes. Many people believe that all juvenile offences are considered “juvenile offenders”, held in juvenile detention centres and released on their 18th birthday. Many also believe that all juvenile delinquency cases are sealed. Under the Juvenile Offenders Act, minors between the ages of 15 and 17 who commit serious offences are prosecuted as juvenile offenders. Upon conviction, a young offender usually begins his sentence in the juvenile system. If he reaches the age of 18 while serving his sentence, he may be transferred to an adult institution to serve his sentence. But researchers say more needs to be done to make the state`s juvenile justice system fair for all. But even if the child is only 13 or 14 years old, if he or she has already been certified as an adult, the minor is not entitled to a reverse exemption for juvenile offenders or to the status of a minor. Just as a juvenile certified as a juvenile offender remains a juvenile offender in subsequent cases, a juvenile certified as an adult is tried as an adult in all subsequent cases. Factors that should be taken into account in the statutes of juvenile courts: The stakes are high in a juvenile court delinquency case, and the positive outcomes are influenced by a family`s ability to retain effective lawyers from the outset until a lasting solution to all aspects of the legal issue is resolved.

In most states, a minor can be charged with almost any crime in the same way as an adult. However, adult correction methods are often inappropriate for young offenders. For example, the federal Juvenile Delinquency Act was passed, which underpins Oklahoma`s juvenile justice system to deal with crimes committed by minors. Juvenile sentences vary. Generally, juvenile offenders are subject to lighter sentences than adults for similar crimes. Indeed, the stated goal of juvenile justice is rehabilitation, not punishment. But that doesn`t mean the accusations of minors aren`t serious. Yes.

Juveniles have the right to due process under the Constitution and may have a lawyer during their trial. Hiring the right young defender in Oklahoma can go a long way toward achieving the result you and your loved ones were hoping for. Young people of colour are overrepresented in many aspects of juvenile justice, from arrest to referral to court and incarceration. Therefore, a fundamental requirement of federal juvenile justice policy requires each state to recognize the differences that may exist. If your child is charged under Oklahoma`s juvenile justice system, your child`s future may be at stake. You shouldn`t waste time contacting a lawyer who has experience in juvenile justice and who can help you get your child out of the youth system, out of trouble, and back on track. Recognizing these differences, the state passed the Oklahoma Youthful Offenders Act in 1994. This law allows juveniles accused of an offence to be charged in three different ways: If the accused is to be tried as a juvenile, he has the option of accepting a plea or going to court (judgment).

Referrals of minors to juvenile courts have declined significantly over the past decade, from 18,000 in 2011 to just over 8,000 in 2020. The decline prompted the Oklahoma Bureau of Juvenile Affairs to consolidate three juvenile detention centers into a single campus. While older juveniles as 15, 16, or 17 are not eligible for the provisions of the juvenile delinquent program, juveniles as young as 13 or 14 who are charged with first-degree murder may be certified as juvenile delinquents if their attorney submits an “application for certification as a juvenile or juvenile offender” before the criminal trial begins. A wide range of non-criminal conduct by minors is classified as a state offence. Acts such as truancy, running away or persistent behaviour may lead an adolescent to initiate formal juvenile court proceedings for services and safety, but also when his or her freedom may be threatened. “The burden of these costs can be overwhelming for families already financially stressed,” Talley said in a statement. “In many cases, it is not the young offenders themselves who end up paying the fees, but the burden falls on their parents. As a result, the brothers and sisters of the juvenile offender suffer because of the decisions of their siblings. I am very grateful that this bill was passed unanimously by the House and with bipartisan support, and I look forward to seeing its progress in the Senate. If you have questions about juvenile justice in Oklahoma, you should contact Worden Law Firm`s experienced juvenile defense attorneys. Worden Law Firm lawyers can explain the juvenile justice process and answer questions relevant to the case.

But in the meantime, juvenile defense attorneys at Worden Law Firm have answered some of the most frequently asked questions below. Juveniles tend to commit fewer crimes than adults, and courts are often more lenient towards young offenders.