Summary: Washington D.C. has no laws or regulations specifically targeting great apes. Instead, the district has a blanket ban on all animals that are not specifically exempted by law. As they are not exempt from the ban, it is illegal to import, possess and sell gorillas, chimpanzees, bonobos, orangutans and gibbons within the community. In October 1999, the New Zealand Parliament passed an amendment to its Animal Welfare Act prohibiting the use of non-human hominids in research, testing and teaching, unless such use is in the best interests of non-human hominids. The law defines a “non-human hominid” as “any non-human member of the hominid family that is a gorilla, chimpanzee, bonobo or orangutan.” (22) The Act entered into force in January 2000. Bengalis typically live about 15 years in the wild, compared to 20 to 25 years in captivity. However, most “domesticated” Bengalis are raised in kitten factories, where they are little or not maintained at all. Many have health and behavioral problems that make it difficult to control. In 2002, the Texas legislature enacted the Dangerous Wildlife Act, which classifies certain species of monkeys such as gorillas, chimpanzees and orangutans as “dangerous wild animals” and regulates the ownership of these animals. The import, possession, use and treatment of different species of great apes are regulated differently depending on whether they are considered “dangerous wildlife” or not.
It is illegal to possess dangerous regulated animals, including: In December 2013, the NhRP filed three lawsuits on behalf of four chimpanzees held in captivity in New York State, arguing that as legal entities with the fundamental right to physical liberty (i.e. not to be held in captivity) and that they are entitled to common law habeas corpus and are immediately released and taken to sanctuaries. To have to.  All three habeas corpus petitions were denied, allowing for an appeal. The NhRP is currently appealing all three decisions.  New Zealand created special legal protection for five species of great apes in 1999.  The use of gorillas, chimpanzees, bonobos or orangutans in research, testing or teaching is limited to activities that benefit these animals or their species. A New Zealand animal rights group later argued that the restrictions conferred weak legal rights.  But even in places where the possession of exotic animals is prohibited by law, people sometimes buy these creatures at auction or from other people, according to Cathy Liss, president of the Animal Welfare Institute. Summary: In Kansas, it is legal for anyone to import, possess, buy, and sell any species of monkey for any purpose. There are no government approval or registration requirements for gorillas, chimpanzees, bonobos, orangutans or gibbons.
However, these species are protected under the federal Endangered Species Act, and activities involving these animals may require federal permits. Director of NIH Dr. Francis Collins explained: “I think this is the natural next step in a very thoughtful five-year process to address the benefits and risks of research on these very special animals,” Collins said in an interview with Nature. We have reached a point where, in those five years, the need for research has dropped to zero. The following table briefly describes each state`s great ape laws. The great ape family usually includes bonobos, chimpanzees, gorillas and orangutans. Under the brief description of each state`s laws governing monkey ownership, you`ll find links to discussions of the laws. Some states include both an overview of laws and detailed legal discussions. Indeed, these states have more complex laws that require both an overview and a longer analysis. Other states simply link to the detailed legal discussion. These discussions were written between 2011 and 2013. The ban stems primarily from a campaign by the New Zealand branch of the Great Ape Project (GAP), co-founded by Peter Singer, a Princeton professor and pioneer of animal rights philosophy.
GAP is dedicated to “extending [fundamental] legal rights to great apes and thus better protection against harm.” (24) Writer and lecturer Thomas Rose argues that granting legal rights to nonhumans is not new. He points out that in most parts of the world, “companies are recognized as legal entities and many of the same rights that people enjoy are granted the right to sue, vote and express themselves.”  Dawn Prince-Hughes wrote that great apes meet generally accepted personality standards: “Self-confidence; understanding of the past, present and future; the ability to understand complex rules and their emotional consequences; the ability to risk these consequences, a capacity for empathy and the ability to think abstractly.  Prior to these changes in the United States, the United Kingdom had adopted a policy in 1997 prohibiting the granting of new licences for great ape research. In 2000, New Zealand became the first nation to pass legislation officially banning great ape research. The Netherlands and Sweden followed New Zealand`s lead by banning the laws in 2002 and 2003, respectively. In 2006, the Austrian parliament unanimously passed an amendment banning research on all non-human monkeys, including gibbons, as well as chimpanzees, bonobos, orangutans and gorillas. Japan also stopped all invasive research on chimpanzees this year. Summary: According to sections 26-40a, gorillas, chimpanzees, bonobos and orangutans are classified as “potentially dangerous animals” that should not belong to the general public.
All state-approved or registered exhibitors and research institutes are exempt from the ban; However, the Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) prohibits the importation of potentially dangerous great apes by many exhibitors (with the exception of zoos, nature centers, and urban parks). Summary: In Alabama, gorillas, chimpanzees, bonobos, orangutans and gibbons are considered “Class 1” wildlife, meaning they are among the most regulated wild animals in the state. While the ownership and use of great apes is heavily regulated in some areas such as exhibition and exhibition, it is virtually unregulated in others. If you live in the United States and think you`d like to own an exotic pet, check your state`s laws before buying the pet. Many states have illegal pet laws that you need to follow. Even some animals commonly raised as pets in other parts of the world may be illegal animals in the United States. This, along with the growing risk of great ape extinction, had led the animal rights movement to pressure nations to recognize apes as limited rights and legal “persons.” In response, the UK banned research on great apes, although testing on other primates was not restricted.  WAUCHULA, Fla. – A 33-year-old orangutan, classified as a legal entity by a judge in Argentina, moves into her new environment at the Center for Great Apes in central Florida. Maybe you`ve always wanted to own a pet monkey, or you`re wondering if it`s legal for your neighbor to have that cougar in their yard.
Luckily for your curiosity, every state has exotic animal laws that allow, restrict, or prohibit the ownership of certain animal species. The following article describes some of these state laws in more detail. If you thought a skunk would be an ideal pet, don`t buy quickly, especially if you live in 17 U.S. states, including Alabama, Florida, Indiana, Iowa, Massachusetts, and Michigan, where pet skunks are prohibited. The bans cover animals that have been domesticated by removing their scent glands. It is illegal to own a monkey in 19 states, including California, Colorado, Connecticut, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Minnesota, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Utah, Vermont and Wyoming. Other states have a partial ban on owning a monkey as a pet, while others, like Florida, require you to volunteer with monkeys before buying one and taking a written exam. Judge Elena Liberatori`s landmark 2015 ruling stated that Sandra, legally, is not an animal, but a non-human person entitled to certain legal rights enjoyed by humans and better living conditions.
Wooden rattlesnakes and eastern copper heads can only be kept as pets if they are legally taken from the wild and require a venomous snake license. Pet owners are limited to a wooden rattlesnake. Summary: In Hawaii, gorillas, chimpanzees, bonobos, orangutans, and gibbons are heavily regulated due to their dual status as endangered/threatened species and restricted animals. Permits are required for the importation, transportation and possession of illegally possessed wildlife. Summary: In New York City, it is illegal to import, possess or sell gorillas, chimpanzees, orangutans, bonobos and gibbons for use as pets.